This month, there were a good set of new Linux distribution releases. The ones I was most excited about was Fedora 9 and OpenSuse 11. This excitement was driven by a few things:
- Improved hardware support with the 2.6.26 kernel
- Package manager improvements (especially with OpenSuse)
- The new Gnome desktop (2.22) runs snappier than previous versions
- KDE 4
My initial project was to install Fedora Core 9 on the arcade system. The installation was unique in that I decided to install to a flash drive instead of a hard drive. This was inspired by the Fedora Live USB tools http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/FedoraLiveCD/USBHowTo.
Fedora is in a very interesting point in its life. It is getting over being trounced in popularity by Ubuntu and learning to implement some of the features that make Ubuntu so appealing to so many.
I used the Windows version of the Live/USB creater tool first and it seemd to complete successfully. However, the system would not boot fully to the device. It seemed that the USB stick was assigned /dev/sdb which caused some errors. I did get it to boot after typing some commands to mount the stick properly.
It was near sighted on my part, but I didn’t reallize that the Live USB stick would want to do hardware configuration on every bootup. Perhaps a save hardware profile option would be a nice addition. After realizing this, I decided that a full install to a the the USB Flash drive would be the best route.
The installer that is included with Fedora 9 is lacking when it comes to installing to flash. There is no option to use jff2 as the file system. This would’ve helped increase the life of the flash disk. It took about 10 tries to get the installation going. There were various problems with the disk partition tool that kept cropping up. It, of course, didn’t like that I didn’t want to use swap space. Also, any attempt to use the fat filesystem for the drive resaulted in a failure.
I ended up buying a 4GB drive to be the primary drive. The Fedora installer fails if the drive does not have enough space (I think it was around 2.3GB) to copy the initial image. The failure for this happens after the disk partitioning is done, so you have to go all the way back through the installer to correct this.
The Fedora desktop is really good looking and has been for most of there recent releases. The hardware detection worked well and detected the atheros wireless card and loaded the driver correctly. It surprised me since that was only recently committed to the Linux kernel.
Fedora package management has been its Achilles heel, in my opinion. This release is, unfortunately, no exception. Pup and Pruit have been ditched (yea!!). The have been replaced with an installer that can only install one package at a time (boo!!). This is a flaw that may just turn people against the distribution as a whole. Installing yumex is a good interim solution for this issue.
There are a few ways that Linux distributions separate themselves from other distributions. Here’s where comparisons should be made.
Release Cycle: 6 months, supported for 1 1/2 years
Package Management: Still slower than most, the default graphical fronend is missing the feature to install multiple packages. This is the area where the distribution does the worst.
Feel: Good overall feel. Theme is pretty and desktop is snappy.
Security: SELinux is great. It stayed out of the way while still prividing security.
License: It’s harder to find a “freeer” distribution than Fedora. They and Red Hat are members in good standing with the open source community
Virualization: I didn’t test this on the arcade, but Fedora 9 does include the new paravirt_ops.
I will still use Fedora and check out the releases as they occur. They are simply great at moving Linux forward with projects like PackageKit, AIGLX, pulseaudio, and paravirt_opts. It’s hard not to want to support them. Just please fix the installer and the package manager.